The Parables of Jesus – meeting # 4
Delivered By
Brother Chuck Fannin
Delivered On
March 13, 2022 at 10:00 AM
Subject
The Parables of Jesus – meeting # 4
Description

When we start listing the parables of Jesus, there is no real consensus of what is a parable and what is not. I have chosen these (some, like the Salt and Light) are debatable as whether they are parables or metaphors. Many will say that John does not use parables. I don’t believe that to be true. I find the Shepherd and Gate to be parables and have added them here. Many others will tell you that the Rich man and Lazarus cannot be a parable because it names people. Again, it is a matter of opinion that is always open for discussion 😊.

 

Note that the mustard seed and the leaven are spoken at the same time

 

The Mustard Seed (Kingdom of God)

Matthew 13:31-32

Mark 4:30-32

Luke 13:18-19


He put another parable before them, saying,

 

 

“The kingdom of heaven is like a grain of mustard seed that a man took and sowed in his field. It is the smallest of all seeds, but when it has grown it is larger than all the garden plants and becomes a tree, so that the birds of the air come and make nests in its branches.”


And he said, “With what can we compare the kingdom of God, or what parable shall we use for it?

 

It is like a grain of mustard seed, which, when sown on the ground, is the smallest of all the seeds on earth, yet when it is sown it grows up and becomes larger than all the garden plants and puts out large branches, so that the birds of the air can make nests in its shade.”


 

 

He said therefore, “What is the kingdom of God like? And to what shall I compare it?

 

It is like a grain of mustard seed that a man took and sowed in his garden, and it grew and became a tree, and the birds of the air made nests in its branches.”

 

 

It would appear that Jesus is using “hyperbole” here. The mustard seed is not the smallest nor is the mature mustard plant a tree. It is the smallest seed of the time sown in the garden and it does grow to be bigger than all other plants in the garden. It would seem that we have a picture of something that grows from a tiny seed (one man and 12 disciples) to a massive entity of today (2 ½ Billion in 2019*). Keep in mind, that number is spread over approx. 41000* different denominations in the world today (2019). In America alone, there are about 1500 faith groups.*

 

*https://www.learnreligions.com/christianity-statistics-700533

 

On the surface, this would appear to indicate the “church (the Kingdom)” while starting small (Jesus and 12), exploded into a massive entity. Yet other scriptures (Matt 24-25) indicate that the times will only get worse and people will leave the church rather that it grow. How can we explain this apparent paradox?

It is true that the kingdom is sometimes likened to a tree (Ezekiel 17:22-23). In this case God said He would remove a sprig from the cedar and place it Himself to grow into a “noble” cedar!

 

This time – you decide what it means! But consider these verses

 

Matthew 24:37-40 (ESV) For as were the days of Noah, so will be the coming of the Son of Man. For as in those days before the flood they were eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage, until the day when Noah entered the ark, and they were unaware until the flood came and swept them all away, so will be the coming of the Son of Man. Then two men will be in the field; one will be taken and one left.

 

2 Timothy 3:1-6 (ESV) But understand this, that in the last days there will come times of difficulty. For people will be lovers of self, lovers of money, proud, arrogant, abusive, disobedient to their parents, ungrateful, unholy, heartless, unappeasable, slanderous, without self-control, brutal, not loving good, treacherous, reckless, swollen with conceit, lovers of pleasure rather than lovers of God, having the appearance of godliness, but denying its power. Avoid such people.

 

2 Peter 3:1-7 (ESV) This is now the second letter that I am writing to you, beloved. In both of them I am stirring up your sincere mind by way of reminder, that you should remember the predictions of the holy prophets and the commandment of the Lord and Savior through your apostles, knowing this first of all, that scoffers will come in the last days with scoffing, following their own sinful desires.

 

They will say, “Where is the promise of his coming? For ever since the fathers fell asleep, all things are continuing as they were from the beginning of creation.” For they deliberately overlook this fact, that the heavens existed long ago, and the earth was formed out of water and through water by the word of God, and that by means of these the world that then existed was deluged with water and perished. But by the same word the heavens and earth that now exist are stored up for fire, being kept until the day of judgment and destruction of the ungodly.

 

Elements: The seed - the gospel?

Smallest yet grows large tree - started with Jesus and spread through the world

The birds - what in the world????

First mention tells us the birds represent evil but is this true?

God created (Gen 1)

Abraham brought doves and pigeons as sacrifice

Noah made sacrifice of fowls (Gen 8:20)

God commanded turtle doves and pigeons (Lev 1:14)

Birds (fowls of the air) are called unclean (Lev 11:13-19)

and the nests - their homes?

 

AND

 

(The Kingdom is) Like unto Leaven

Matthew 13:33-35 (KJV)

 

Luke 13:20-21 (KJV)


Another parable spake he unto them;

 

 

The kingdom of heaven is like unto leaven, which a woman took, and hid in three measures of meal, till the whole was leavened.

 

 

 


And again he said, Whereunto shall I liken the kingdom of God?

 

It is like leaven, which a woman took and hid in three measures of meal, till the whole was leavened.

 

Leaven is a symbol of evil (cf. Exodus 12:15 ESV) Seven days you shall eat unleavened bread. On the first day you shall remove leaven out of your houses, for if anyone eats what is leavened, from the first day until the seventh day, that person shall be cut off from Israel.

 

1 Corinthians 5:6-8 likens us to leaven Your boasting is not good. Do you not know that a little leaven leavens the whole lump? Cleanse out the old leaven that you may be a new lump, as you really are unleavened. . . . 8 Let us therefore celebrate the festival, not with the old leaven, the leaven of malice and evil, but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth.

 

If “yeast” (the leavening agent) is considered to represent sin, how do we understand this parable?

 

Who is the woman?

Leaven represents?

“three” measures of meal?

“til” all was leavened?

 

After an interlude (other teachings), Jesus began to speak again to the disciples. Here, He brought forth four parables that are related: The hidden treasure, the pearl, the net, and the bringing forth from the heart. I believe that these 4 are directed entirely to “disciples” (and therefore, us).

 

The Hidden Treasure

Matthew 13:44 (ESV)

 

 


“The kingdom of heaven is like treasure hidden in a field, which a man found and covered up. Then in his joy he goes and sells all that he has and buys that field.

 

 

 

A merchant man: Jesus

Actively looking for the treasure: His people

Found the treasure: Israel

Sold all to buy this field: into slavery (sin and death on the cross)

 

The Pearl

Matthew 13:45-46 (ESV)

 

 


“Again, the kingdom of heaven is like a merchant in search of fine pearls, who, on finding one pearl of great value, went and sold all that he had and bought it.

 

 

 

A merchant man: =

Actively looking for the pearls: =

Found “a” pearl of great price: =

Sold all to buy this pearl: =

 

Is it possible that the merchant represents us? We are truly searching for a reason to live (God). When God calls and we answer what happens? We are to “mortify” the deeds of the body (Romans 8:13; Colossians 3:5). Jesus told the rich man to go and sell all that he had and give to the poor (Luke 18:18-22). Are we not to sell everything of this world and take up the yoke of Jesus (Matthew 11:28-30).

 

The coming Judgement:

The Net Cast Into The Sea

Matthew 13:47-50 (KJV)

 

 


Again, the kingdom of heaven is like unto a net, that was cast into the sea, and gathered of every kind: Which, when it was full, they drew to shore, and sat down, and gathered the good into vessels, but cast the bad away.


So shall it be at the end of the world: the angels shall come forth, and sever the wicked from among the just, And shall cast them into the furnace of fire: there shall be wailing and gnashing of teeth.

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Owner of the House (Kingdom of Heaven)

Matthew 13:52

Mark

Luke


“Have you understood all these things?” They said to him, “Yes.”
 

And he said to them, “Therefore every scribe who has been trained for the kingdom of heaven is like a master of a house, who brings out of his treasure what is new and what is old.”

 

 

 

He completes His teaching with a simile rather than a parable. Sometimes, I sure I wish I could understand better!

 

Matthew 13:51-52 (KJV) Jesus saith unto them, Have ye understood all these things? They say unto him, Yea, Lord.


Then said he unto them, Therefore every scribe which is instructed unto the kingdom of heaven is like unto a man that is an householder, which bringeth forth out of his treasure things new and old.

 

This is better understood as the judgment of the nations. Seas almost always represent the masses of humanity (note the beasts of Daniel and Revelation coming out of the sea). Thus we can conclude the fishes represent humanity and the net represents the harvesting. Thus, nothing of the bad will enter into the kingdom of God.

 

How do we make the comparison of the Scribe trained to the Master of the House?

 

And, how is this applicable to us?

 

 

The Master and the Servant

 

 

Luke 17:7-10

 

 

 

 


“Will any one of you who has a servant plowing or keeping sheep say to him when he has come in from the field, ‘Come at once and recline at table’? Will he not rather say to him, ‘Prepare supper for me, and dress properly, and serve me while I eat and drink, and afterward you will eat and drink’?


Does he thank the servant because he did what was commanded? So you also, when you have done all that you were commanded, say, ‘We are unworthy servants; we have only done what was our duty.’”

 

This is arguably not a proper parable but rather an “instruction”. Yet, some call it a parable. If so,

 

The elements: The master

The servant

The duties

The proper order of the duties

 

 

 

The Unforgiving Servant

Matthew 18:21-35

 

 

Context: Then Peter came up and said to him, “Lord, how often will my brother sin against me, and I forgive him? As many as seven times?” Jesus said to him, “I do not say to you seven times, but seventy-seven times.

 

The parable:Therefore the kingdom of heaven may be compared to a king who wished to settle accounts with his servants. When he began to settle, one was brought to him who owed him ten thousand talents. And since he could not pay, his master ordered him to be sold, with his wife and children and all that he had, and payment to be made. So the servant fell on his knees, imploring him, ‘Have patience with me, and I will pay you everything.’ And out of pity for him, the master of that servant released him and forgave him the debt.


But when that same servant went out, he found one of his fellow servants who owed him a hundred denarii, and seizing him, he began to choke him, saying, ‘Pay what you owe.’ So his fellow servant fell down and pleaded with him, ‘Have patience with me, and I will pay you.’ He refused and went and put him in prison until he should pay the debt.


When his fellow servants saw what had taken place, they were greatly distressed, and they went and reported to their master all that had taken place.

 

Then his master summoned him and said to him, ‘You wicked servant! I forgave you all that debt because you pleaded with me. And should not you have had mercy on your fellow servant, as I had mercy on you?’ And in anger his master delivered him to the jailers, until he should pay all his debt.


So also my heavenly Father will do to every one of you, if you do not forgive your brother from your heart.”

 

 

 

It is time for class participation!!

 

Read the Lord’s sample prayer (Matthew 6:9-12). Emphasis on the “forgiveness” part.

 

Elements:

The King: =

The servants: =

The wicked servant =

The judgement =

Application for us? =

 

 

 

The Lost Sheep Second appearance

 

 

Luke 15:1-7

 

 

 

 


Context: Now the tax collectors and sinners were all drawing near to hear him. And the Pharisees and the scribes grumbled, saying, “This man receives sinners and eats with them.”


So he told them this parable: “What man of you, having a hundred sheep, if he has lost one of them, does not leave the ninety-nine in the open country, and go after the one that is lost, until he finds it? And when he has found it, he lays it on his shoulders, rejoicing. And when he comes home, he calls together his friends and his neighbors, saying to them, ‘Rejoice with me, for I have found my sheep that was lost.’


Just so, I tell you, there will be more joy in heaven over one sinner who repents than over ninety-nine righteous persons who need no repentance.

 

Another time that Jesus gives us the meaning 😊

 

It is worth noting the value of a single “sheep”. It is so important that the owner would leave the 99 remaining in order to return the one. Not a single one is to be lost.

 

Compare the thought that the owner would go get the lost one with the idea that John writes about when he writes that “neither shall any man” pluck one of His sheep away!

 

(John 10:24-29 (KJV) Then came the Jews round about him, and said unto him, How long dost thou make us to doubt? If thou be the Christ, tell us plainly. Jesus answered them, I told you, and ye believed not: the works that I do in my Father's name, they bear witness of me. But ye believe not, because ye are not of my sheep, as I said unto you.


27 My sheep hear my voice, and I know them, and they follow me: And I give unto them eternal life; and they shall never perish, neither shall any man pluck them out of my hand. My Father, which gave them me, is greater than all; and no man is able to pluck them out of my Father's hand.

 

Question: How does this parable apply to us? What do you think?

 

  1. What if we truly “stray” from the fold?
  2. Is it recorded how long would the master search? Yes! UNTIL HE FOUND IT!
  3. Would Jesus truly come and “retrieve” us from whatever mess we found ourselves?
  4. Can you give a picture of how you “think” the rejoicing in heaven may sound?

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Lost Coin

 

 

Luke 15:8-10

 

 

 

 


“Or what woman, having ten silver coins, if she loses one coin, does not light a lamp and sweep the house and seek diligently until she finds it? And when she has found it, she calls together her friends and neighbors, saying, ‘Rejoice with me, for I have found the coin that I had lost.’


Just so, I tell you, there is joy before the angels of God over one sinner who repents.”
 

 

A little background: When a woman was betrothed, she was given a token of the upcoming union. Often this was given as “coins” that would be secured by her. To lose one was to devalue the coming wedding.

 

This seems to say the same thing using different analogies.

 

What do you think? Is it the same? Or is it a picture of a different situation?

 

Pay attention to one particular phrase: there is joy “before” the angels. The picture here is the “joy of the master”. If the master/owner is God, then the obvious conclusion is that it is the Joy of God over one sinner who repents! We can see this in

Zephaniah 3:17 The Lord thy God in the midst of thee is mighty; He will save, he will rejoice over thee with joy; He will rest in his love, he will joy over thee with singing.

 

The Prodigal Son

 

 

Luke 15:11-32

 

 

 

 


And he said, “There was a man who had two sons. And the younger of them said to his father, ‘Father, give me the share of property that is coming to me.’ And he divided his property between them. Not many days later, the younger son gathered all he had and took a journey into a far country, and there he squandered his property in reckless living.

 

And when he had spent everything, a severe famine arose in that country, and he began to be in need. So he went and hired himself out to one of the citizens of that country, who sent him into his fields to feed pigs. And he was longing to be fed with the pods that the pigs ate, and no one gave him anything.


“But when he came to himself, he said, ‘How many of my father’s hired servants have more than enough bread, but I perish here with hunger! I will arise and go to my father, and I will say to him, “Father, I have sinned against heaven and before you. I am no longer worthy to be called your son. Treat me as one of your hired servants.”’

 

And he arose and came to his father. But while he was still a long way off, his father saw him and felt compassion, and ran and embraced him and kissed him.

 

And the son said to him, ‘Father, I have sinned against heaven and before you. I am no longer worthy to be called your son.’


But the father said to his servants, ‘Bring quickly the best robe, and put it on him, and put a ring on his hand, and shoes on his feet. And bring the fattened calf and kill it, and let us eat and celebrate. For this my son was dead, and is alive again; he was lost, and is found.’ And they began to celebrate.


“Now his older son was in the field, and as he came and drew near to the house, he heard music and dancing. And he called one of the servants and asked what these things meant.


And he said to him, ‘Your brother has come, and your father has killed the fattened calf, because he has received him back safe and sound.’


But he was angry and refused to go in. His father came out and entreated him, but he answered his father, ‘Look, these many years I have served you, and I never disobeyed your command, yet you never gave me a young goat, that I might celebrate with my friends. But when this son of yours came, who has devoured your property with prostitutes, you killed the fattened calf for him!’


And he said to him, ‘Son, you are always with me, and all that is mine is yours. It was fitting to celebrate and be glad, for this your brother was dead, and is alive; he was lost, and is found.’”

 

 

Elements:

The Father =

The older son =

The younger son =

Property division =

Wasted inheritance =

The younger son coming to his senses =

The return and the father’s actions =

The elder son’s response =

The Father’s conclusion =

 

There would appear to be several parts to this parable. We can see:

 

the whole picture in the father who is the master of it all.

discern a picture of free will from the fact the younger son was given the choice to leave

the progression from “friends of mammon” to total degradation (feeding pigs and starving)

the progression from “I am my own master” to “father forgive me”

the “joy” when the prodigal came home

and wonder about the statement: the brother was dead but is now alive

 

What we cannot see or understand is:

The elder brother (who does he represent?”

The elder brother’s refusal to even come in to the party.

What does the elder brothers comment never transgressed mean?

 

 

The Workers In The Vineyard (Kingdom of Heaven)

Matthew 20:1-16

 

 

For the kingdom of heaven is like a master of a house who went out early in the morning to hire laborers for his vineyard. After agreeing with the laborers for a denarius a day, he sent them into his vineyard.


And going out about the third hour he saw others standing idle in the marketplace, and to them he said, ‘You go into the vineyard too, and whatever is right I will give you.’ So they went. Going out again about the sixth hour and the ninth hour, he did the same. And about the eleventh hour he went out and found others standing. And he said to them, ‘Why do you stand here idle all day?’ They said to him, ‘Because no one has hired us.’ He said to them, ‘You go into the vineyard too.’

 

And when evening came, the owner of the vineyard said to his foreman, ‘Call the laborers and pay them their wages, beginning with the last, up to the first.’


And when those hired about the eleventh hour came, each of them received a denarius. Now when those hired first came, they thought they would receive more, but each of them also received a denarius. And on receiving it they grumbled at the master of the house, saying, ‘These last worked only one hour, and you have made them equal to us who have borne the burden of the day and the scorching heat.’


But he replied to one of them, ‘Friend, I am doing you no wrong. Did you not agree with me for a denarius? Take what belongs to you and go. I choose to give to this last worker as I give to you. Am I not allowed to do what I choose with what belongs to me? Or do you begrudge my generosity?’


So the last will be first, and the first last.”

 

 

 

Elements

The Master =

The Vineyard =

The Workers =

The pay =

The time frames =

Conclusion(s) =

 

The master seems easy. It is the owner of the vineyard = God

 

The vineyard may be easy as well. It is the chosen of God. Those that He has placed to produce fruit.

 

The workers might be a little more difficult. Are they the Church? Are they representative of Israel? Do they by chance represent both?

 

This is the 2nd time we see a “lamp” in the parables

 

Context: Mark 3:1-7 gives us the background surrounding this meeting. Clearly, Jesus had been at the synagogue teaching where a man with a withered hand was healed on the sabbath day. After leaving the synagogue, Jesus went to the shores of Galilee where we are told a great multitude followed him.

 

The “Light” in you (the light of the eye)

 

 

Luke 11:29-36 (KJV)

 

 

CONTEXT:

 

29 And when the people were gathered thick together, he began to say, This is an evil generation: they seek a sign; and there shall no sign be given it, but the sign of Jonas the prophet. 30 For as Jonas was a sign unto the Ninevites, so shall also the Son of man be to this generation. . .

 

The actual parable: 33 No man, when he hath lighted a candle, putteth it in a secret place, neither under a bushel, but on a candlestick, that they which come in may see the light.

 

34 The light of the body is the eye: therefore when thine eye is single, thy whole body also is full of light; but when thine eye is evil, thy body also is full of darkness.


35 Take heed therefore that the light which is in thee be not darkness. 36 If thy whole body therefore be full of light, having no part dark, the whole shall be full of light, as when the bright shining of a candle doth give thee light.

 

  1. 1: Just as a local preacher might use the same illustration more than once over a period of time, it seems that Jesus also used some repetitive illustrations. We find the first (we believe) use in Matthew 5:15 which we have already examined. Is this one different? If so, how?

Matthew 5:15-16 (KJV) Neither do men light a candle, and put it under a bushel, but on a candlestick; and it giveth light unto all that are in the house. Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father which is in heaven.

 

Note 2: In the first use, Jesus appears on the mountain speaking to the multitudes in the beatitudes. The parable is part of a teaching ministry. In this use, it appears to be used in a pointed effort to point out the peoples misunderstanding, in warning and in condemnation.

Elements:

The man who lights the candle = The Lord

The lit candle = We are the candle

It is NOT to be hidden = God did not give you light to be anywhere except the candlestick!

The light = (ref John 8:12)

the eye -- If the eye is “single” = (ref. Matt 6:22-23)

The body = each individual? The Church? Israel? All the above?

Light vs Darkness = if we are “of the light” we will be an influence on the world! Light ALWAYS banishes darkness. Darkness does NOT overcome light.

Related verses: Matt 6:22-23; John 8:12; 1 John 1:5-7

Matthew 6:22-23 (ESV) 22 “The eye is the lamp of the body. So, if your eye is healthy, your whole body will be full of light, 23 but if your eye is bad, your whole body will be full of darkness. If then the light in you is darkness, how great is the darkness!

John 8:12 (KJV) Then spake Jesus again unto them, saying, I am the light of the world: he that followeth me shall not walk in darkness, but shall have the light of life.

1 John 1:5-7 (KJV) This then is the message which we have heard of him, and declare unto you, that God is light, and in him is no darkness at all. If we say that we have fellowship with him, and walk in darkness, we lie, and do not the truth: But if we walk in the light, as he is in the light, we have fellowship one with another, and the blood of Jesus Christ his Son cleanseth us from all sin.

 

The “Fool” and His Barns

 

 

Luke 12:13b-21

 

 

 

Context: “Teacher, tell my brother to divide the inheritance with me.” 14 But he said to him, “Man, who made me a judge or arbitrator over you?” And he said to them, “Take care, and be on your guard against all covetousness, for one’s life does not consist in the abundance of his possessions.”

 

The Parable: 16 And he told them a parable, saying, “The land of a rich man produced plentifully, and he thought to himself, ‘What shall I do, for I have nowhere to store my crops?’

 

18 And he said, ‘I will do this: I will tear down my barns and build larger ones, and there I will store all my grain and my goods. 19 And I will say to my soul, “Soul, you have ample goods laid up for many years; relax, eat, drink, be merry.”

 

Judgement: 20 But God said unto him, Thou fool, this night thy soul shall be required of thee: then whose shall those things be, which thou hast provided?


21 So is he that layeth up treasure for himself, and is not rich toward God.

 

 

This one could be considered somewhat different than our past parables. We still have some elements but the teaching is in the conclusions!!

 

First, the parable is in direct response to a request: “Master, speak to my brother, that he divide the inheritance with me.”

 

The counter question from Jesus: who made me a judge? (almost an exact quote of what the two Hebrew children told Moses when he tried to arbitrate a fight! Exodus 2:14)

 

The young man had asked Jesus to Judge. Why would this man expect or accept Jesus as a Judge?

 

Then, Jesus gave an unexpected answer. He made no attempt to perform the act desired but rather pointed out that we should put real value on our treasures. Those on the earth have no lasting value but those in heaven do!!

 

Elements:

 

A certain rich man – All the people on the earth

The ground – Their worldly possesions

Fruits – The increase (all our toys)

The judgement - Today, your life might be required then – what of all our toys?

Treasure in Heaven – Define “treasures in heaven”

 

Related Verses:

 

Real Treasures:

 

Matthew 6:20-21 (KJV) 20 But lay up for yourselves treasures in heaven, where neither moth nor rust doth corrupt, and where thieves do not break through nor steal: 21 For where your treasure is, there will your heart be also.

 

Earthly treasures are NOT of value:

 

Ecclesiastes 5:10 (KJV) He that loveth silver shall not be satisfied with silver; nor he that loveth abundance with increase: this is also vanity.

 

 

 

A warning concerning “earthly treasures”:

 

1 Timothy 6:6-10 (KJV) But godliness with contentment is great gain. For we brought nothing into this world, and it is certain we can carry nothing out. And having food and raiment let us be therewith content. But they that will be rich fall into temptation and a snare, and into many foolish and hurtful lusts, which drown men in destruction and perdition. For the love of money is the root of all evil: which while some coveted after, they have erred from the faith, and pierced themselves through with many sorrows.

 

Proverbs 27:1 (KJV) Boast not thyself of to morrow; for thou knowest not what a day may bring forth.

 

James 4:12-16 (KJV) Go to now, ye that say, To day or to morrow we will go into such a city, and continue there a year, and buy and sell, and get gain: Whereas ye know not what shall be on the morrow. For what is your life? It is even a vapour, that appeareth for a little time, and then vanisheth away. For that ye ought to say, If the Lord will, we shall live, and do this, or that. But now ye rejoice in your boastings: all such rejoicing is evil.

 

 

Servants are to remain watchful

 

 

Luke 12:35-40 (ESV)

 

 

 

“Stay dressed for action and keep your lamps burning, and be like men who are waiting for their master to come home from the wedding feast, so that they may open the door to him at once when he comes and knocks.


Blessed are those servants whom the master finds awake when he comes. Truly, I say to you, he will dress himself for service and have them recline at table, and he will come and serve them. If he comes in the second watch, or in the third, and finds them awake, blessed are those servants! But know this, that if the master of the house had known at what hour the thief was coming, he would not have left his house to be broken into.


You also must be ready, for the Son of Man is coming at an hour you do not expect.”

 

 

Elements:

Stay dressed (do not appear “naked”)

Keep the lamps burning (you are the light of the world) (Ref: Matt 5:16)

Be ready (even at the door) (as the bride for the groom)

The hour (time) of the return is unknown (no man knows the day or hour)

 

  1. interesting sidebar: Naked (nakedness) occurs more than 115 times in the KJV. Only once does “naked” NOT connotate something bad. (Genesis 2:25 where God placed Adam and Eve in the Garden and they were naked). We might conclude that “nakedness” is NOT something we want to be before the Lord!

 

Application: While some things might be a little difficult to understand, this one is clear!

Name some “CLEAR” applications that we should take from this parable!

What does it mean to stay dressed?

What does it mean to always have our lamps burning?

 

The Money Lender (Unequal debts?)

 

 

Luke 7:41-43 (ESV)

 

 


Context: Now when the Pharisee who had invited him (Simon) saw this, he said to himself, “If this man were a prophet, he would have known who and what sort of woman this is who is touching him, for she is a sinner.”


And Jesus answering said to him, “Simon, I have something to say to you.” And he answered, “Say it, Teacher.”


Parable: “A certain moneylender had two debtors. One owed five hundred denarii, and the other fifty. When they could not pay, he cancelled the debt of both. Now which of them will love him more?”


The Answer: Simon answered, “The one, I suppose, for whom he cancelled the larger debt.” And he said to him, “You have judged rightly.”

 

The judgement: Then turning toward the woman he said to Simon, “Do you see this woman? I entered your house; you gave me no water for my feet, but she has wet my feet with her tears and wiped them with her hair. You gave me no kiss, but from the time I came in she has not ceased to kiss my feet. You did not anoint my head with oil, but she has anointed my feet with ointment.


Conclusion: Therefore I tell you, her sins, which are many, are forgiven—for she loved much. But he who is forgiven little, loves little.”

 

 

Even tho the parable seems straight-forward, what is the application to us today?

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Good Samaritan

 

 

Luke 10:29-37

 

 

 

 


But he, desiring to justify himself, said to Jesus, “And who is my neighbor?”


Jesus replied, “A man was going down from Jerusalem to Jericho, and he fell among robbers, who stripped him and beat him and departed, leaving him half dead. Now by chance a priest was going down that road, and when he saw him he passed by on the other side. So likewise a Levite, when he came to the place and saw him, passed by on the other side. But a Samaritan, as he journeyed, came to where he was, and when he saw him, he had compassion.


He went to him and bound up his wounds, pouring on oil and wine. Then he set him on his own animal and brought him to an inn and took care of him. And the next day he took out two denarii and gave them to the innkeeper, saying, ‘Take care of him, and whatever more you spend, I will repay you when I come back.’


Which of these three, do you think, proved to be a neighbor to the man who fell among the robbers?” He said, “The one who showed him mercy.” And Jesus said to him, “You go, and do likewise.”

 

  1. will call this a “story” with a moral while others call it a parable that gives directions on how we should act/live before our Lord. You might choose either and be correct 😊

 

If it is a story, the question and moral are clear.

Question: Who is our neighbor (the person we meet that we might aid)

What are our actions to be: but to aid and NOT pass by

You God and do likewise is the absolute.

 

If it is a parable, then:

The man can represent any one

The thieves might represent just plain “bad” people

That they “stripped” him leaving him naked – taking all his goods

And beat him caused him physical harm – unto death

The pharisee could represent those with some wealth today

The Levite could represent the church of today

The Samaritan those outside the church

The judgement GO AND DO LIKEWISE